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Types of Ants

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Carpenter Ant

Several species of Carpenter Ants live in the US and there are different sizes of worker ants in each colony. The workers live about 7 years and the queen about 15 years.

Big-Headed Ant

The Big-headed Ant can range from a dark yellow to a reddish brown in color, depending on the species. They nest in soft soil in colonies with multiple queens and workers tunnel between colonies to create a super-colony.

Harvester Ant

The Harvester Ant is a larger ant and can be black, reddish brown, or brown, and is an especially aggressive ant that will bite and sting.

Pavement Ant

Pavement Ants nest outdoors under places like rocks, logs, and leaves. They have adapted to urban environments by nesting in the soil under sidewalks and building foundations, where they push soil up through the sidewalk cracks and beside the foundation to let air into the nest.

Allegheny Mound Ant

The Allegheny Mound Ant has a brown head and midsection with a black body. The ant workers build their nest in the ground, pushing loose soil to the surface as they dig downward.


Citronella Ant

The Citronella Ant varies from an orange-yellow color to a light brown but it is the scents they emit when crushed or threatened that give the Citronella ant its name.

Little Black Ant

Little black ants are black and very small. A colony of little black ants will have several 1/2” queens and thousands of 1/16” workers.

Pharaoh Ant

Pharaoh Ants are very tiny light-colored ants that thrive in buildings that provide shelter, warmth, moisture and food.

Field Ant

The Field Ant varies in color from black, brown, red, and even yellow, depending on the species. The Field ant workers are large and easily mistaken for carpenter ants.

Moisture Ant

Moisture Ants are very small and a dark yellow in color. They are also known as Cornfield Ants, likely because they feed on honeydew produced by aphids and other plant pests that commonly infest plant crops.

Texas Leaf Cutter Ant

Texas Leaf Cutter Ants feed on a fungus they grow inside the colony’s nest. When starting a new colony, the queen will carry a piece of the colony’s fungus to her new nesting site.

White-footed Ant

The White-footed Ant is a tiny black ant with yellowish-white on the bottom half of its legs. The White-footed ant was first discovered in Florida in 1986 and is still being studied.

Acrobat Ant

The Acrobat Ant ranges in size from the smaller, solid colored brown ants to larger ants that are black and red. The Acrobat ant nests in decaying wood outdoors or in a building and will sometimes nest in an abandoned ant or termite colony.

Fire Ant

The Fire Ant is a reddish brown ant that is known to be very aggressive and will sting with little provocation. It nests in the ground, creating a mound that is about 6” high and 1 to 2 feet across but can be larger.

Odorous House Ant

Odorous House Ants are tiny ants that feed on insects, sweet fruits, and honeydew produced by aphids and other plant pests. They create nests in logs or under leaves, or dig shallow nests underground or under rocks.

Thief Ant

Tiny and light in color, Thief Ants are known for nesting close to other ant species for the purpose of stealing their food. They are opportunistic nesters, finding shelter nearly anywhere outdoors or inside buildings.