Rodents are prolific breeders and can be found nearly everywhere in the world. Their four front teeth, two on the top and two on the bottom, are constantly growing and require the rodent to gnaw to keep them from becoming too long to be useful.
Rodents can carry one or more of a number of seriously infectious diseases and transmit them to humans through contact with their urine and waste. Rodents can also harbor disease transmitting parasites. Even if the rodent leaves your home it can leave behind lice, ticks or fleas.
Entry: Rodents can easily gnaw through walls to gain entry to your home. Regularly inspect your home and seal off any spaces to discourage entry.
Nest Locations: Rodents create nests in dark places that are hard to reach like in basements, attics, walls, outdoor walls and fences, under porches, in underground burrows and even in trees and bushes. They will often use pieces of material, string or insulation or other soft items to create their nest. These materials can also be a breeding ground for parasites.
Do-it-yourself Effectiveness: Traps will sometimes work to capture the invader. Poison is also toxic to humans and other animals and you will need to locate the body and remove it. A dead body will smell and the parasites that were living on the rodent will leave for another host. Extreme care is advisable when disposing a dead rodent, dead or alive.
The House Mouse is a small mouse, with small eyes, a pointed nose, large ears, and a slender tail. Its underside is usually a lighter color. Mice are opportunistic and adjust to what is readily available.
The White-footed Mouse has a pointed nose, black eyes, and a tail that is at least as long as its body, often longer. The white-footed mouse can be brown, red, or gray on top and is white on its underside, legs and feet.
The Deer Mouse is brown on top and white on its underside, legs and feet. It has a pointed nose and black eyes and the tail can be up to 5 inches long. Deer mice breed as early as 5 weeks and live up to two year in the wild.
The Norway rat is one of the largest rats and is likely the most well known. Also called the Wharf rat, Brown rat, or House rat, the Norway rat body can be as long as 12” and its tail at least as long as its body.
The Roof rat is usually black or brown, sometimes gray, with a 10” to 12” body, and a very long tail. They are known to prefer vegetables, seeds, and fruits but will also eat small birds and insects.